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Rehitnama of Bhai Daya Singh

Bhai Daya Singh was the first of the Panj Piaras to offer his head as a sacrifice when Guru Gobind Singh gave a call for the highest sacrifice. He was amongst those Five who received the Amrit baptism of the Khalsa Holy Order. He received the highest illumination from the Guru. His Rehitnama was obviously written after the death of Guru Gobind Singh. It elucidates the basic ideals of the Khalsa, and urges a complete break with Brahmanical faith and Muslim cults, which were exploiting Hindu and Muslim masses with pretensions to occult power. The following is a translation of an authentic version:

  1. A Sikh of the Guru should not have any faith in Maths: Brahmanical Monasteries, idols, pilgrimage to holy rivers, gods and goddesses, fasts, Brahmanical ceremonies of image worship (puja and archa), nor should he believe in tantra, mantra and yantra of the Tantric Yoga, nor should he go to Brahmins and Pirs for amulets, talisman, or seeking omens, nor submit to the Hindu sacrament of Gayatri and Tarpand.
  2. He is the Khalsa, who has dedicated his body, mind and wealth to the Supreme Being and for the righteous cause.
  3. A Sikh should not wear the sacred thread of the Hindus: Janeu. He should not perform the ceremonies of birth and death according to Hindu rites, nor should he perform the ceremony of feeding Brahmins for the salvation of ancestors. He should not perform marriage according to the Vedic or Brahmanical rites. He should perform all ceremonies according to the discipline of the Gurus (Gur-maryada) by offering prayers (Ardasa) before the Lord in the Presence of Adi Guru Granth.
  4. A Sikh should render whatever help he can to all who come to him in the time of need.
  5. He should visit the Temple of the Guru (Gurdwara) daily, and on the way to the temple, walk with restraint and reverence.
  6. If no one offers his daughter in marriage to a devout Sikh young man simply because he is poor, or for some other such reason, he should willingly offer his daughter to such a person.
  7. To kill infant daughters, or to give in marriage one’s daughter to a clean-shaven man out of greed is a serious religious offence.
  8. When a Sikh offers his daughter in marriage to a devout Sikh, it is like nectar mingling with nectar.
  9. When a Sikh (Khalsa) gives his daughter to a clean-shaven non-Sikh, it is like putting nectar into the mouth of a snake.
  10. A Sikh should prefer white, yellow, blue, grey colours for turbans or clothes.

Note: The red colour used these days by Communists for their flags is called suha rang, which is discouraged because in the Sikh Scriptures it is symbol of unstable, immoral character and materialistic living. The red colour of the rose is appreciated as it symbolizes spiritual radiance. There is no hard and fast rule for people leading a purely worldly life, but religious people generally prefer white, yellow, blue, grey and black.

  1. A Sikh should consider all other rich or poor Sikhs his brothers in faith.
  2. He who has treachery and insincerity in his heart is doomed to perdition.
  3. To accept offerings or amulets from Pirs and followers of Muslim cult leaders like Sakhi Sarwar (Sayyid Ahmed) whose cult indulged in magic and occult feats) is a breach of religious discipline.
  4. He who puts on sacred marks of the Hindus on his fore¬head (Tilak), or wears rosary of wooden beads of Vairagl sects, commits a breach of discipline.
  5. Whenever any communal or national decision is to be taken, five Sikhs living according to Khalsa Moral Code (Rehit) should take decision on what is right and what is wrong in Moral living: Rehit-bibek. The Gurmatta: Collective Decision of the Assembly of the Sikh divines, should be accepted as final.

Note: This commandment or tradition strikes at the root of all dictatorships in religious, cultural and political Institutions.

  1. The drawers should be up to knees and not lower than the knees.
  2. The kitchen should be plastered with clay and not with cow-dung according to Brahmanical rites.
  3. A Sikh should disregard all Hindu-Muslim prejudices or dominant cultural influences of Hindu or Muslim rulers and societies.
  4. Ekadasi fasts of the Hindus should not be kept by the Sikhs.
  5. The Sikhs should perform marriage rites according to the Sikh Anand-marriage ceremony (Lawan) and not according to Vedic rites.
  6. A Sikh should always remain in military preparedness, and keep his horse and weapons with care and alertness.
  7. He who employs the Brahmins to perform marriage and death ceremony according to Hindu rites, commits serious breach of discipline of the Khalsa Moral Code and should be given penitentiary punishment.

Note: The foregoing Rehitnama is translation of the text found in British Museum. There are some printed versions of the same and now available. But I recently found a Manuscript in which the following additional instructions are recorded, and it indicates that the original text was more comprehensive. The additional points are:

  1. There are four types of Sikhs:
    1. Those who become Sikhs for commercial motives: Dhande di Sikhl.
    2. Those who accept Sikhism formally only to imitate Sikhs for material gains and to exploit Sikhism: Bhekh di Sikhi.
    3. Those who become Sikhs for personal or family ambitions, be they religious, social or political: Hirsi Sikh.
    4. Sikhs who are dedicated and sincere in faith: Sidqi Sikh.
  2. One should not tell a lie; one should not associate (sexually) with women other than one’s legal wife.
  3. One should discard lust, anger, egoism, calumny, and violence (himsa) of all types. Himsa means wilfully harming other people.
  4. A Sikh should be sweet of speech, and he should never hurt anyone’s feelings. He should remain pure and sincere at heart and never harm anyone.
  5. One should pay his tithes for the cause of Guru, and always share his surplus income with the needy and help them in every way. While one lives according to the Commandments of the Guru, he should not be vain or be proud of it.
  6. Sikh should not visit a society or place where one forgets God and the great divine Teachers. Such a society should be discreetly avoided.
  7. A Sikh should not be a glutton, nor should he waste food. He should neither talk much nor sleep much. He should bring home his earning by honest labour, and help the Sikh devotees and serve them. He should consider God and the Guru as the Supreme Giver.
  8. A Sikh should avoid five activities:
    1. stealing, coveting or misappropriating other people’s property.
    2. coveting other people’s wives.
    3. scandalizing others for personal reasons.
    4. gambling.
    5. drinking wine.
  9. A person who has drifted away from Sikhism should be guided to the right path. One should not harm or hurt them if they can still be guided to the right path.
  10. A Sikh should be judged not by his material possessions and wealth, but by his life of meditation (Nam Simrin: Remembrance of God), and his moral spiritual life.
  11. A Sikh should tie his hair on the top centre of the head. He should wear bigger turban and keep his head covered. He should comb his hair twice; early in the morning and before going to bed. He should shampoo his hair every fourth day.
  12. Guru Gobind Singh said, “If anyone from any faith or creed, or from any of the four castes accepts Amrit baptism, he should be treated as my living embodiment: Oh mera sarup hai. ”
  13. Sikhs should contemplate the Guru-mantra: Vahi-Guru in the following manner: Inhale your breath and say Vah with it, and when you exhale your breath, say Guru with it.
  14. Guru Gobind Singh said, “It is not the outward form or dress that is dear to me, but the moral and spiritual living of Sikh that I admire: rehit pyari moko Sikh piara nahi. ”

Source - The Turban and the Sword of the Sikhs by Dr. Trilochan Singh